## Key Findings

### Young People who are not in education, employment or training (NEET)

2%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 2% Year 12 1.2% Year 13 3.1%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 2% Year 12 1.2% Year 13 3.1%

- In 2016, there has been an overall reduction of in the percentage and number of young people known to be NEET, in comparison to 2015, for the total Year 11, 12 and 13 cohorts. The proportion of young people in the NEET category has dropped by 0.7 percentage points (2.7% in 2015 to 2.0% in 2016) and by 457 individuals (1,656 in 2015 to 1,199 in 2016).
- There has been reduction in young people known to be NEET across all year groups in comparison to 2015. There was a reduction of 0.4 and 0.7 percentage points for Years 12 and 13, respectively, but the largest decrease was in Year 11 (0.8 percentage points).

‘Year 13 cohort continued to have a higher percentage of NEET (3.1% - 396 individuals) compared to the Year 11 (2.0% - 619 individuals) and Year 12 cohorts (1.2% - 184 individuals)’

- Over the five years from 2012 to 2016, there has been a significant reduction in the proportion and number of the total school leavers (those from Years 11, 12 and 13) known to be NEET. The proportion of young people in the NEET category dropped by 2 percentage points over the period (4% in 2012 to 2% in 2016)
- The percentage of Year 11 clients unable to enter Employment, Education or Training (EET) due to illness or pregnancy remained static at 0.7. But in the same category, the percentage of Year 12 and Year 13 clients both increased 0.1 percentage points to 0.4% and 1%, respectively.
- The percentage of NEET Year 11 females who are unable to enter EET remains significantly greater than for NEET males (44.5% of NEET females and 31.2% of NEET males). The difference is even greater for NEET Year 12 pupils (46.7% of NEET females and 23.9% of NEET males).
- For NEET Year 13 pupils however, the situation between the genders is reversed in 2016 (28% of NEET females but 37.4% of NEET males). The percentage of NEET Year 13 males unable to enter Employment, Education or Training (EET) due to illness or other reasons rose 15.1 percentage points from 22.3% in 2015.

### Continuing in Full-Time Education

87%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 87.9% Year 12 91.4% Year 13 79.6%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 87.9% Year 12 91.4% Year 13 79.6%

- Continuing in full time education continues overwhelmingly to be the most popular choice of destination for pupils in each of the three Year groups.
- This year the proportion of pupils choosing to enter full time education has decreased 0.3 percentage points in comparison to 2015 (from 87.3% to 87%).
This decrease has occurred entirely within the Year 12 cohort:
Year 11:

**remains the same as 2015**(87.9%)Year 12:

**0.8 percentage point decrease**(92.2% to 91.4%)Year 13:

**remains the same 2015**(79.6%)

- A higher percentage of females than males across all three cohorts chose to continue in full time education.

Cohort | Males | Females | Difference |
---|---|---|---|

Year 11 | 86.1% | 89.8% | 3.7% |

Year 12 | 90.2% | 92.6% | 2.4% |

Year 13 | 77.1% | 81.8% | 4.7% |

FE College 51%
Sixth form 49%

- For those continuing in full time education (FTE) after Year 11, for the first time FE became a more popular choice overall than school, by 2 percentage points (51% FE to 49% school). This represents a 3.8 percentage point swing from 2015 (49.1% FE to 50.9% school)
- In comparison to 2015, of those remaining in FTE, entrants to sixth form decreased by 1.9 percentage points (50.9% to 49%), this is mirrored by a 1.9 percentage point increase in entrants to FE (49.1% to 51%).

1.7

percentage point increase in Year 13 students going to HE

percentage point increase in Year 13 students going to HE

- In 2016, of those remaining in FTE, going to FE was a more popular route with males (54% going to FE, compared to 46% staying in school) conversely, continuing in school was more popular for females (52.1% remaining in school, compared to 47.9% going to FE)
- The percentage of the total Year 13 cohort going on to Higher Education has increased from 60.7% in 2015 to 62.4% in 2016. However the actual number of individuals is very similar (7,918 in 2015 and 7,946 in 2016), accounted for by the smaller cohort in 2016. This excludes individuals entering a Gap year prior to entering Higher Education
- As in previous years, a higher proportion of the total Year 13 cohort of females chose to go on to Higher Education after Year 13. 66.5% of females went on to HE, compared with 57.6% of males.

1.6

percentage point increase in male students going to HE compared to 20151.8

percentage point increase in female students going to HE compared to 2015

percentage point increase in male students going to HE compared to 20151.8

percentage point increase in female students going to HE compared to 2015

- The proportion of females in the total Year 13 cohort entering Higher Education increased 1.8 percentage points (64.7% to 66.5%)
- The proportion of males in the total Year 13 cohort entering Higher Education increased by 1.6 percentage points compared to 2015 (56% to 57.6%)

Increase in those taking Gap Years from

1% to 1.3%

1% to 1.3%

- The percentage of individuals entering Higher Education taking a gap year has increased from 1% in 2015 to 1.3% in 2016.

- In Years 11 and 13, a higher percentage of those in minority ethnic groups continued in full time education, compared to those who are white. However, in Year 12, the same proportion of white students and those in minority ethnic groups stayed on in full time education.

Cohort | White | Ethnic Minority |
---|---|---|

Year 11 | 87.5% | 92.2% |

Year 12 | 91.5% | 91.5% |

Year 13 | 79.2% | 83.7% |

### Entering the Labour Market - Work and Training Routes

8.2%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 8.2% Year 12 4.8% Year 13 12.1%

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category Year 11 8.2% Year 12 4.8% Year 13 12.1%

- The overall percentage of school leavers entering the labour market (either training in the workplace or employment) has fallen slightly, from 8.4% in 2015 to 8.2% in 2016. The proportion of Year 12 and Year 13 leavers entering the labour market both fell (by 0.1 and 2.4 percentage points respectively). The proportion of Year 11 leavers entering the labour market rose 0.5 percentage points (from 7.7% in 2015 to 8.2% in 2016)
- The percentage of young people entering Government supported training and work (Employed and Non Employed status) was highest for those in Year 11 at 6.2% (a rise of 0.4 percentage points from 2015), whereas 2% of the Year 12 cohort and 1.9% of the Year 13 cohort entered one of these options (falls of 0.2 and 0.5 percentage points from 2015, respectively)
- The proportions of pupils across all three cohorts going straight into employment fell by 0.3 percentage points to 4% compared with 2015. There was a slight increase of 0.1 percentage points for both Year 11(up to 2%) and Year 12 (up to 2.8%). The overall decrease is solely accounted for by the 1.9 percentage point fall in Year 13 going straight into employment (from 12.1% in 2015 to 10.2% in 2016)
- Entering the labour market (either training in the workplace or employment) was a more popular choice with males than females across all 3 cohorts in 2016.

Year 11

**9.6%****6.8%**Year 12

**5.5%****4.2%**Year 13

**13.5%****11.0%**- A much smaller percentage of those in minority ethnic groups entered the labour market (employment or work based training) than those who are white. This was especially true in Years 11 and 13, with differences of 5 and 5.8 percentage points, respectively

Cohort | White | Ethnic Minority |
---|---|---|

Year 11 | 8.7% | 3.7% |

Year 12 | 4.9% | 3.5% |

Year 13 | 12.6% | 6.8% |

### No Response Rate

- The overall ‘No Response’ rate increased by 1.1 percentage points compared to 2015, to 1.8%. This is accounted for by the change in methodology for this year’s survey, as mentioned in the introduction. The increase in the ‘No Response’ rate was biggest for the Year 13 cohort, which also continued to have the highest ‘No Response’ rate:

No Response rate | |
---|---|

Year 11 | 0.8% |

Year 12 | 1.7% |

Year 13 | 4.4% |