Key Findings - Survey 2018

Young People who are not in education, employment or training (NEET)

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category
Year 11 1.6% Year 12 0.7% Year 13 2.5%

  • In 2018, there were 875 school leavers from Year 11, 12 and 13 known to be NEET in Wales, representing 1.6% of the total cohort.
  • As in previous years, the Year 13 cohort continued to have a higher percentage of NEET (2.5% (279) individuals) compared to the Year 11 (1.6% - 465 individuals) and Year 12 cohorts (0.7% - 90 individuals)

  • The percentage of Year 11 clients unable to enter Employment, Education or Training (EET) due to illness, caring for others or pregnancy stood at 0.9%. In the same category, the percentage of Year 12 and Year 13 clients stood at 0.3% and 0.6%, respectively.
  • The percentage of NEET Year 11 females who are unable to enter EET remains greater than for NEET males (64.1% of NEET females and 49.8% of NEET males).

Continuing in Full-Time Education

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category
Year 11 86.4% Year 12 91.1% Year 13 73.2%
  • Continuing in full time education continues overwhelmingly to be the most popular choice of destination for pupils in each of the three Year groups.

  • A higher percentage of females than males across all three cohorts chose to continue in full time education.
Cohort Males Females Difference
Year 11 84.3% 88.6% 4.3%
Year 12 89.5% 92.5% 3%
Year 13 71.1% 74.9% 3.8%
FE College 53.5% Sixth form 46.7%
  • A greater proportion of those continuing in full time education (FTE) after Year 11 chose FE over school 6th forms, by 6.6% percentage points. (It is important to remember that in some parts of the country it was not possible to establish data sharing agreements with FE Institutions, therefore data relating to FE students is most likely to be classified under non-respondents in a number of local authorities).
  • In 2018, of those classified as continuing in in FTE, going to FE was a more popular route with males (56.9% going to FE, compared to 43.1% staying in school). In 2018 more females were recorded as returning to schools 6th Form (50.4%) compared to FE (49.6%), but it is important to remember that data was not obtained from all FE Institutions in 2018.
  • In Years 11 and 13, a higher percentage of those in minority ethnic groups continued in full time education, compared to those who are white. This was reversed for Year 12.
Cohort White Ethnic Minority
Year 1186%91.5%
Year 1291.3%89.1%
Year 1372.5%80.8%

Entering the Labour Market - Work and Training Routes

of Years 11, 12 and 13 were in this category
Year 11 7.8% Year 12 4.1% Year 13 12.1%
  • The percentage of young people entering Government supported training and work (Employed and Non Employed status) was highest for those in Year 13 at 12.1% (n.1339), whereas 7.8% (n.2314) of the Year 11 cohort and 4.1% (n.531) of the Year 12 cohort entered one of these options.
  • The percentages of young people going straight into employment stood at 2.3% for Year 11, 2.6% for Year 12 and 9.7% for Year 13.
  • Entering the labour market (either training in the workplace or employment) was a more popular choice with males than females across all 3 cohorts in 2018.

Year 11
Year 12
Year 13

  • A much smaller percentage of those in minority ethnic groups entered the labour market (employment or work based training) than those who are white. This was especially true in Years 11 and 13, with differences of 5 and 6.9 percentage points, respectively

Cohort White Ethnic Minority
Year 118.1%3.8%
Year 124.3%2.5%
Year 1312.7%5.9%

No Response Rate

  • The overall ‘No Response’ rose by 3.7% percentage points compared to 2017, to 5.2%. The rise in the ‘No Response’ rate was greatest for the Year 13 cohort at 7.9 percentage points (n.436 in 2017 compared to n.1275 in 2018). This cohort group continued to have the highest ‘No Response’ rate:
No Response rate
Year 113.5%
Year 123.7%
Year 1311.6%

The reason for the rise in the rate of non-respondents is due to it not being possible to agree data-sharing agreements with all FE institutions across the country in time for completion of the survey. This is covered in more detail in the Introduction.